What Retraction Means?

What joints can protraction and retraction?

Protraction and retraction are anterior-posterior movements of the scapula or mandible.

Protraction of the scapula occurs when the shoulder is moved forward, as when pushing against something or throwing a ball..

What causes retraction?

Intercostal retractions are due to reduced air pressure inside your chest. This can happen if the upper airway (trachea) or small airways of the lungs (bronchioles) become partially blocked. As a result, the intercostal muscles are sucked inward, between the ribs, when you breathe.

What is a retraction in medical terms?

A retraction is a medical term for when the area between the ribs and in the neck sinks in when a person with asthma attempts to inhale. Retractions are a sign someone is working hard to breathe.

What is another word for retract?

Some common synonyms of retract are abjure, forswear, recant, and renounce.

When was the retraction letter found?

May 18, 1935On May 18, 1935, the lost “original” document of Rizal’s retraction was discovered by the archdeocean archivist Fr.

Who are the sources of Rizals retraction?

According to a testimony by Father Vicente Balaguer, a Jesuit missionary who befriended the hero during his exile in Dapitan, Rizal accepted a shorter retraction document prepared by the superior of the Jesuit Society in the Philippines, Father Pio Pi.

What was the effect of Rizals retraction or non retraction controversy to the Filipino nation?

Answer: In 1935, a controversial retraction letter was discovered by a Catholic priest and was supposedly written by Rizal just before his execution, stating that he retracted any of his writing that contradicts the Catholic faith. … This retraction has generally not affected Rizal’s public image in the Philippines.

How do you write a retraction statement?

include the reason for retraction, in clear, unambiguous language that differentiates misconduct from honest error. indicate which aspects of the paper are affected (i.e. which specific data or conclusions are invalid) indicate who initiated the retraction and which authors agreed to the retraction.

What is surgical retraction?

Surgical retractors help surgeons and operating room professionals hold an incision or wound open during surgical procedures. They aid in holding back underlying organs or tissues, allowing doctors/nurses better visibility and access to the exposed area.

What does contemplation mean?

1a : concentration on spiritual things as a form of private devotion. b : a state of mystical awareness of God’s being. 2 : an act of considering with attention : study made the decision after much contemplation.

What is meant by retraction?

1 : an act of recanting specifically : a statement made by one retracting. 2 : an act of retracting : the state of being retracted. 3 : the ability to retract.

What is retraction in history?

The Oxford English Dictionary (2018) defines retraction as “the action or fact of revoking or rescinding a decision, decree, etc.” A more thorough definition is, “the action of withdrawing a statement, accusation, etc., which is now admitted to be erroneous or unjustified…

What is an example of retraction?

When a newspaper prints something incorrect and later takes back what they said and publishes an article saying they were wrong, this is an example of a retraction. The act of taking back or withdrawing (a statement, a plea, an accusation, or a condition of a contract); the withdrawing or taking back of a renunciation.

What is a retraction document?

A retraction letter is a document that withdraws, or rescinds, a previous claim. In the world of construction and mechanics lien rights, a retraction letter is most often used to retract a preliminary notice or a notice of intent to lien.

How do you describe retractions?

Retractions are a sign that someone is working hard to breathe. The areas below the ribs, between the ribs, and in the neck sink in with each attempt to inhale. Normally, when you take a breath, your diaphragm and the muscles around your ribs create a vacuum that pulls air into your lungs.

What is muscle retraction?

Short definition of Retraction (in the context of a term to describe movement of the body): Retraction is movement of a body part in the posterior direction, i.e. being drawn backwards. The movement of retraction is the opposite of the movement of protraction.

Whats the opposite of retract?

Opposite of to take back or renege on an initial statement or stance. assert. confirm. accept. acknowledge.

What does abjure mean?

1 formal. a : to renounce upon oath He abjured his allegiance to his former country. b : to reject solemnly She abjured her old beliefs.

What happens when a paper is retracted?

According to a study conducted by MIT and published in 2017, authors can experience a 10–20% decrease in citations after a formal retraction. Article retractions irreversibly damage the authors’ reputation. … Authors with retracted journal articles sometimes also lose their jobs.

Why are journals retracted?

Retractions are a permanent means of maintaining the integrity of the scientific literature and necessary to alert the reader to serious problems identified with a published article. The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) published retraction guidelines in 2009.

How do you use retraction in a sentence?

Retraction in a Sentence 🔉After I gave my students the incorrect due date for the project, I needed to make a retraction. … The sellers upset us with their retraction of our offer. … After he gave a false statistic, the politician needed to make a retraction.More items…